Use a Custom Single Cycle Timed Loop Rate in LabVIEW FPGA

Updated Oct 14, 2022



  • CompactRIO Controller


  • LabVIEW
  • LabVIEW FPGA Module
  • LabVIEW Real-Time Module


  • NI-RIO (Legacy)
  • NI CompactRIO

  • I know that I can use a Single Cycle Timed Loop in LabVIEW FPGA to execute code within a single cycle of the FPGA clock (25 ns or 40 MHz). Can I use this structure to execute code at other rates?
  • I am getting a timing violation error when trying to run my program which contains a Single Cycle Timed Loop. Can I solve this by changing the loop execution rate?

To execute a Single Cycle Timed Loop (SCTL) at a rate other than the default 40Mhz, you first need to create a new FPGA derived clock at your desired rate. FPGA derived clock rates can be specified between 2.5MHz and 210MHz. To create a derived clock, right click the 40MHz Onboard Clock in your project explorer window and select New FPGA Derived Clock as shown in Figure 1. In the FPGA Derived Clock Properties window, you can adjust the clock Multiplier and Divisor to achieve your desired clock rate as shown in Figure 2. Pay close attention to any comments generated in the Message field, they will let you know if you have requested a valid configuration.

Figure 1

Figure 2
To force the SCTL to use the new derived clock, right click the left hand timing block of the SCTL and select Configure Input Node as shown in Figure 3. In the Configure Timed Loop dialog, select the Select Timing Source radio button and click your derived clock under Available Timing Sources and click OK as shown in Figure 4. Your SCTL will now execute at the frequency of your derived clock.

Figure 3

Figure 4
Note: Some code may not compile at rates above 40MHz, due to timing constraints of the FPGA. The compilation report summary will list an error if your code was not able to be compiled at the derived clock rate.

Additional Information

If none of these rates are suitable for your application, you should review this example program Configure Sample Rate of Single Cycle Timed Loop in LabVIEW which demonstrates how to configure a custom sample rate of a FPGA Single Cycle Timed Loop.