Strain is the amount of deformation of a body due to an applied force. More specifically, strain (ε) is defined as the fractional change in length, as shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1. Definition of Strain
Strain can be positive (tensile) or negative (compressive). For each type of bridge configuration, the calculation formula will be different. Sample Calculation:
Using a quarter bridge circuit, you can use the formula below to calculate the strain ε where the Vo/Vex ratio is the input voltage (-25mV/V and +25mV/V) to calculate both maximum positive and negative strains and GF is the Gage Factor given by the sensor manufacturer.
Figure 2. Quarter-Bridge Circuit
In this example, for a given GF of 2, it will result in both equations :
And after a few manipulations: