Impedance of the NI 9401

Updated Nov 30, 2023

Reported In


  • NI-9401

Issue Details

What is the input and output impedance of the NI 9401?


The input impedance for the 9401 is not a discrete value since it is variable, based on the components of the front end of the module. Since the NI 9401 is a DIO TTL (transistor-transistor logic) signal, impedance typically doesn’t affect these types of applications. What is more important when using TTL modules is the amount of current needed to drive the NI 9401.

Below is the equation to calculate the amount of current you would need to drive the input of the 9401:

I_input = [Vcc * f_in * (C_in_9401 + C_cable) + I_input_9401]

I_input = current to drive the NI 9401
Vcc = logic device on your side driving the 9401
f_in = the frequency of the logic device driving the 9401
C_in_9401 = the input capacitance
C_cable = the capacitance of the cable
I_input_9401 = the input current of the 9401

As specified in the user manual:
The input current (0 V ≤ Vin ≤ 4.5 V) is ±250 µA typ (I_input_9401 in the equation)
The input capacitance is 30 pF typ (C_in_9401 in the equation)

Additional Information

The output impedance is similar in nature in that fact that it is not specified by a discrete value. The output impedance depends on the operating environment and the load. In general, the output impedance is not a relevant specification since the NI 9401 was intended to only provide a TTL output.

Other C-series modules such as the NI 9402 have this specification since they have pull-down resistors on the inputs and outputs. However, the NI 9401 also has buffers at the inputs which affect the impedance.