Eliminate Ghosting on Adjacent Input Channels by Decreasing Source Impedance

Updated May 13, 2024

Reported In


  • PXIe-1073


  • LabVIEW

Issue Details

When I measure only one channel or use a multimeter to measure the channel, the measurement is correct.  However, when scanning through multiple adjacent input channels, I am seeing crosstalk or ghosting/phantom voltage between my signals. My source impedance is higher than 1 kΩ.


Source impedances greater than 1 kΩ are not recommended with multiplexed data acquisition devices because they increase the amount of settling time required for an accurate measurement. To fix this:
  • Create a unity gain buffer, or a voltage follower, to decrease the time required for settling.
    • The buffer provides a high input impedance and a low output impedance. This means the multiplexer can receive low-impedance signals from high-impedance sources.
    • To implement the buffer, use an operational amplifier. Construct one by connecting the amplifier's output to its inverting input, and connecting the signal source to the non-inverting input. 
  • You can also try reducing the source impedance directly, if it's safe and possible to do so.
    • For example, if the source impedance is directly due to a resistor that's larger than 10 kΩ, place a resistor in parallel that will decrease the total source impedance to 1 kΩ or less.

Additional Information

More methods exist to eliminate or reduce ghosting. For more information, see this KB on How Do I Eliminate Ghosting From My Measurements?

For more information about settling time and how it can affect multiplexed measurements, see the following white paper: Is Your Data Inaccurate Because of Instrumentation Amplifier Settling Time?